Friends and Family Summer Sale at Family Tree DNA

Wow, Family Tree DNA’s summer sale has been announced just in time to stock up on kits for those upcoming family reunions or Labor Day picnics.

Almost everything is on sale, including new kit orders, the Family Finder test, upgrades AND the Big Y.  This sale price of $395 is the best price I’ve ever seen on the Big Y.

If you’ve been waiting, now’s the time.  The sale starts August 1 between 9 and 10 AM Central time in the US and runs for the entire month of August.

I wasn’t kidding about family gatherings. I never, ever go to one of these events without at least kit in my purse. Seriously. You just never know.

If you don’t have a kit with you, you KNOW you’ll miss an opportunity!

I’ve learned to strike while the iron is hot, while the person is interested. If possible, I have them swab at the event so that kit doesn’t sit on their kitchen counter for the next year.

Yes, I know they aren’t supposed to eat for an hour before swabbing, BUT, I talk to them long enough for several minutes to pass and then have them swab, just like people do at conferences. So far, it has always worked out just fine.

The best thing is that seeing someone swab often garners interest from others as well, and you may just wind up having a DNA education session and swab party! What better to happen?

You’ll be doing the genealogists happy dance!

OK, What’s On Sale?

Autosomal

o Family Finder (FF) – $69

Y DNA

o Y37 – $139

Big Y

o Big Y – $395 (Best price I’ve ever seen on this test.)

Y Upgrades

o Y12 to 37 – $69

o Y25 to 37 – $35

o Y37 to 67 – $79

o Y37 to 111 – $168

o Y67 to 111 – $99

Mitochondrial DNA

o Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) – $159

o Mitochondrial HVR1 or HVR2 (either one) upgrade to full sequence (FMS) – $119

Combos and Savings Bundles

o Y37 + Family Finder – $198

o Y67 + Full mitochondrial (FMS) + Family Finder – $430

o Full mitochondrial sequence (FMS) + Family Finder – $218

Click here to order.

______________________________________________________________________

Standard Disclosure

This standard disclosure will now appear at the bottom of every article in compliance with the FTC Guidelines.

Hot links are provided to Family Tree DNA, where appropriate. If you wish to purchase one of their products, and you click through one of the links in an article to Family Tree DNA, or on the sidebar of this blog, I receive a small contribution if you make a purchase. Clicking through the link does not affect the price you pay. This affiliate relationship helps to keep this publication, with more than 850 articles about all aspects of genetic genealogy, free for everyone.

I do not accept sponsorship for this blog, nor do I write paid articles, nor do I accept contributions of any type from any vendor in order to review any product, etc. In fact, I pay a premium price to prevent ads from appearing on this blog.

When reviewing products, in most cases, I pay the same price and order in the same way as any other consumer. If not, I state very clearly in the article any special consideration received. In other words, you are reading my opinions as a long-time consumer and consultant in the genetic genealogy field.

I will never link to a product about which I have reservations or qualms, either about the product or about the company offering the product. I only recommend products that I use myself and bring value to the genetic genealogy community. If you wonder why there aren’t more links, that’s why and that’s my commitment to you.

Thank you for your readership, your ongoing support and for purchasing through the affiliate link if you are interested in making a purchase at Family Tree DNA.

Father’s Day Sale at Family Tree DNA

Just in time for Father’s Day, Family Tree DNA is having a sale on the introductory level 37 marker Y DNA test for males, along with the Family Finder autosomal test for everyone. Better yet, you can bundle the two for additional savings.

Sale Starts: Tuesday, June 6th
Sale Ends: Saturday June 18th, 11:59 PM CST

If you’d like to see what kind of information you’ll receive in a Y DNA test and how to utilize the results, please take a look at the article I just published yesterday, Working with Y DNA – Your Dad’s Story.

If you haven’t yet tested your father or better yet, your grandfather – this is the perfect chance. Don’t let that opportunity slip away. If you want to read about why testing older family members is so important, please read Concepts – Why DNA Testing the Oldest Family Members is Critically Important.

Have a wonderful Father’s Day with your loved ones.

______________________________________________________________________

Standard Disclosure

This standard disclosure will now appear at the bottom of every article in compliance with the FTC Guidelines.

Hot links are provided to Family Tree DNA, where appropriate. If you wish to purchase one of their products, and you click through one of the links in an article to Family Tree DNA, or on the sidebar of this blog, I receive a small contribution if you make a purchase. Clicking through the link does not affect the price you pay. This affiliate relationship helps to keep this publication, with more than 850 articles about all aspects of genetic genealogy, free for everyone.

I do not accept sponsorship for this blog, nor do I write paid articles, nor do I accept contributions of any type from any vendor in order to review any product, etc. In fact, I pay a premium price to prevent ads from appearing on this blog.

When reviewing products, in most cases, I pay the same price and order in the same way as any other consumer. If not, I state very clearly in the article any special consideration received. In other words, you are reading my opinions as a long-time consumer and consultant in the genetic genealogy field.

I will never link to a product about which I have reservations or qualms, either about the product or about the company offering the product. I only recommend products that I use myself and bring value to the genetic genealogy community. If you wonder why there aren’t more links, that’s why and that’s my commitment to you.

Thank you for your readership, your ongoing support and for purchasing through the affiliate link if you are interested in making a purchase at Family Tree DNA.

Family Tree DNA Mother’s Day Sale 2017

This Mother’s Day, you can give Mom something that will benefit her and you too. The Family Finder autosomal DNA test at Family Tree DNA is on sale for $69 beginning today, May 10 through Sunday, May 14th, at midnight Houston time.

So, if it’s Sunday late afternoon and you can’t find that skillet you wanted to buy for her, don’t worry, there’s still time to redeem yourself by purchasing a DNA test.  Just get a card and tell her the kit is on the way.  A printout of the purchase confirmation in the card works too.

Why would you want to give your mother a DNA test, especially if you’ve already tested?

  • First, your matches from your mother’s side will match both you AND your mother, so her matches will easily identify your maternal line relatives.
  • Second, when you connect your mother’s DNA to your tree at Family Tree DNA, you’ll receive maternally identified Family Matches. In other words, Family Tree DNA is doing the heavy lifting in terms of family matching for you!
  • Third, your mother carries more of your ancestors’ DNA than you do, so she’ll have more matches from her side of the family for you to work with.
  • Fourth, her DNA is cut in half in your generation, so her ethnicity will reflect more of her ancestry than yours will, because you only carry half of the DNA she does.
  • Fifth, your mother and you can enjoy sharing your genealogy journey together.  I really miss sharing now that my Mom is gone.

If neither you nor your mother have tested, you can buy a Family Finder test for both of you while they are on sale.  If you’re lucky enough to be celebrating Mother’s Day with your grandmother as well, by ALL means, test her too!

DNA testing is a very unique gift and you’ll be so glad that you did.  It’s the gift that keeps on giving.  As a genealogist, I am grateful every single day for my mother’s Family Finder test results.

Click here to order!!!

DNA Day Sale Starts Today!

Everyone anticipates this sale every year. The DNA Day Sale begins sometime today, April 20, and runs for a week, according to the information provided by Family Tree DNA, below.

National DNA Day, April 25, celebrates the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA in 1953, as well as the completion of the Human Genome Project in 2003. And wherever DNA is being celebrated, you’ll find genetic genealogists eagerly anticipating a sale on DNA tests.

Beginning April 20, the FTDNA DNA Day 2017 sale will begin! The sale ends at 11:59 PM Central Time on Thursday, April 27. Please note that Items ordered on invoice during the sale must be paid by the end of the sale.

You’ll note that Y-DNA and mtDNA upgrades are not included. You will receive the sale price if you add a new product, listed above, to an existing kit, but going from Y37 to 67 or mtPlus to mtFull Sequence (FMS) will not be discounted.

Click here to take advantage of these prices and order or upgrade.

Family Tree DNA Final Coupons for 2016

ftdna-package

Today marks the last set of discount coupons for DNA testing savings issued by Family Tree DNA for the holidays.  What nice gifts they’ve given us!  Thank you Family Tree DNA!!!

Over the past few weeks, we’ve talked about why one might want to take the different kinds of DNA tests:

Why the Big Y

Why Test Y DNA

12 Myths of Family Finder

Mitochondrial DNA, The Forgotten Test

Before the holidays, most of us are engaged in trying to figure out what other people want and buying or making gifts for friends and family members.

But now that Christmas Day itself has passed, we can rest a bit and recover.  Now, it’s your turn!  What would you like?

Did Santa bring you money for a gift?  Maybe Santa knew you wanted to upgrade your own DNA tests or that you want to test that aunt or cousin!

If so, this is a great time, because these are the last coupons for this year.  We never know when the next sale will happen, but generally Family Tree DNA sponsors sales for Mother’s Day and Father’s Day, and the sale is generally specific to those kinds of tests.  So if you want to test, take advantage of the current sale, PLUS the coupons that can be used in addition to the sale prices.  I’ve never seen lower prices and this sale, valid until New Year’s Day, includes almost every product they offer.

Click here to redeem the coupons below or to sign in and view your own holiday discount coupons.  As always, feel free to post your unredeemed coupons in the comments.

Coupon # Good for What
R22X1B8MK6GF $10 Off MTDNA
R22M6US4KN8W $10 Off MTDNA
R22KRBMVJDDV $10 Off MTDNA
R22AKP6N93D5 $10 Off MTDNA
R22XYZ4JDXGO $10 Off MTDNA
R22C7G1S2HRT $10 Off MTDNA
R22ZPN83LM7T $10 Off MTDNA
R22KM9WJJVWQ $10 Off MTDNA
R22GFUVPA034 $10 Off MTDNA
R22IU7V0FFMY $10 Off MTDNA
R22JFIST9S3L $10 Off MTDNA
R22A9Y9ZBHSP $10 Off MTDNA
R22Q3MNCH9I5 $10 Off MTDNA
R22T7M0KAEM0 $10 Off MTDNA
R223TY4FEGK0 $10 Off MTDNA
R22U88HZ2RRU $10 Off MTDNA
R22EODE5F0QW $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22MU4FF5F5X $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R221W2S8QZGE $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22J3H12DPG1 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22CEMS79AQV $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22WUJ9EZUC9 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22PUMV5WIGA $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22DSCZYSCFQ $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22IC9O6K1Z1 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22R8MTKJAVK $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22MSQYWEO9A $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R2286XUR1ZBC $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22VBGRTHVO3 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22PY39OB0AK $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22ZG95HT72G $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22MW5V0L8OD $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R2242XJRX1M6 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22WIHDRQXQ7 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R227KNYCPY7A $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R227OR3SF88F $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R224IOL1736H $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22LZNXZX2QH $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22OO7B3UZL4 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22LJAXJZACZ $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22IKU5T69XT $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22788ZFP91V $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22TWS79MPLK $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R22VTZ9A0MUI $15 Off MTDNA
R22HCPFHQGI5 $15 Off MTDNA
R22HDUN586NM $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R22J64YH911B $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R2216QD8K236 $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R22Y2CV1KNJI $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R22XNG4GV2EI $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R22DI7BE5Q0W $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R22KST9J4FF9 $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R22BV8COQYKL $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R22MZWXLZ42Y $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R227BLCC1SI3 $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R22ZJ0J2MXZV $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R22QOLHSM2N6 $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R224ZWNPVNXU $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R22SYO3L4H7C $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R22EKHRDXHKU $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R22PNYB8WGVB $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R227MEKWQVUT $40 Off MTFULL
R22NOQGW0S4W $40 Off MTFULL
R22IUXW7IF6O $40 Off MTFULL
R221RF8PUKF5 $40 Off MTFULL
R22R1QMPLMOM $40 Off Y-DNA 111
R22JZ8L336ZR $40 off Y-DNA 67
R228XZJRQ4ZM $50 Off Big Y
R22OU31MK47T $50 Off Big Y
R22D0LNU37HN $50 Off Big Y
R22M32DEZ42D $60 Off Y-DNA 111

I hope you and yours had a lovely holiday.  Thank you to everyone who has participated in sharing the coupons this holiday season.

Family Tree DNA Holiday Coupons and Mitochondrial DNA, The Forgotten Test

Mitochondrial DNA is probably the most under-utilized type of DNA available to genetic genealogists. Mitochondrial DNA is a special line specific to your mother, and her mother, and her mother, on up that tree of mothers. It’s not mixed with any DNA from the fathers, so it’s a pure periscope line that extends back in time indefinitely – much like the Y DNA for the paternal line.

Just as an example, as an administrator looking at the Estes surname project, I can see an order summary. For clarification, the Estes project welcomes males and females alike, along with men who are not Estes surname males, but who are Estes descendants through other lines.

So, of the first 16 project participants, 2 are female.  The columns titled HVR1, HVR2 and FGS are the available mitochondrial DNA test levels.

estes-order-summary

Only one, me, has had ANY mitochondrial DNA testing done. The rest have not.

By comparison, 14 (all the males) have ordered some level of Y DNA testing and 7 participants, almost half, have taken the autosomal Family Finder test.

By any measure, mitochondrial is way WAY behind.

Mitochondrial gets forgotten about, often, because it’s not as “in your face” as a male surname is to a male and doesn’t have the “pride factor” associated with it. In fact, you might hear men say something like, “Yea, proud to be an Estes (fill in your surname here),” but when was the last time you heard someone say, “Yea, proud to be a H2a1a!”? It loses something someplace.

Because the matrilineal line’s mitochondrial DNA doesn’t follow any surname, it doesn’t invoke that surname loyalty factor, but it is a rich source of information that is often neglected.

What can we learn from mitochondrial DNA?

Pretty much everything we can tell about Y DNA – except of course we’re not looking to see if we match a particular surname. We’re looking to see if we match someone with a common ancestor. But that’s not it, there’s a lot more.

Haplogroup and Migration Path

Your mitochondrial DNA haplogroup tells you which continent your ancestor was from, meaning Europe, Africa, Asia or Native American, or an ethnicity like Jewish, and the path they took out of Africa to arrive on that continent. You may think you know, already, but do you really? There are surprises and you’ll never know if you don’t test.

estes-migration-path

Haplogroup Origins help to extend this information and tells you where your fully extended haplogroup is found in the world. Fully extended haplogroup means your full haplogroup, H2a1a, as opposed to simply haplogroup H. You have to take the full sequence mtDNA test to obtain your fully extended haplogroup.

Matches Map

Your Ancestral Matches and your Matches Map tell you where your matches most distant ancestors lived. This is most effective for full sequence matching because those are your closest matches. In fact, I only recommend full sequence matching today. You should obtain all of the ancestral information available and the only way to do that is to test the entire mitochondrial region.

Those who follow my blog know that I’m haplogroup J1c2f, and while that doesn’t make anyone gush at parties, it does provide me with information I not only didn’t have, but there is no way other than DNA testing to discover.

My most distant known ancestor is from Germany around 1800, but look at my matches map.

estes-match-map

There is obviously a historical, or maybe not so historical, Scandinavian story. You can read about this discovery here.

Your matches are sitting there, waiting for you, but first you have to test.  After that, the genealogy to find a common ancestor may take some work, unless you simply get lucky – and some do.

If more people were to test and provide their most distant ancestor information and pedigree charts, there would be more easy matches with known ancestors!!!  Just saying…

Matches Never Stop

The great news is that your mitochondrial DNA results are fishing for you 24X7. In July 2013, I had 3 full sequence matches, shown below.

my matches J1c2f

Today, I have 16, and the more full sequence matches, the more granular and detailed the story. It’s like watching your ancestral story hatch, one match at a time. These people all share an ancestor with you, sometime, someplace. The fun is in unraveling that story.  What does it mean to you?  What information does it provide about your ancestors and their journey?

Proving Your Point

You can also use mitochondrial DNA to prove, or disprove, a specific type of historic relationship. Suppose you suspect two women are sisters. If you can find descendants of both women through all females to the current generation (which can be males) you can either prove those two women have a common matrilineal ancestor or that they don’t. In cases like this, mitochondrial DNA in conjunction with autosomal matching can be a very powerful tool.  Comparing multiple kinds of DNA, together, is available under the advanced tools.

Building A MitoTree

If you’re after quick answers, building your own mitotree isn’t for you, but if you’re willing to invest some elbow grease, you can figure out the ancestral pedigree chart of how your matches descended from your common ancestor, based on their mutations.

I presumed, based on the matches map locations, that I was fairly closely related to my match in Poland, because at that time, it was the only full sequence match outside of Scandinavia. I was wrong. That person descended in a parallel line from a common Scandinavian ancestor. So no need looking in those Polish church records hoping to discover something about my direct line ancestors because they aren’t there!

You can read about how to build a mitochondrial tree here. If you like puzzles, this is for you.

Finding Your Ancestor’s Surname

I like to obtain the haplogroups of all of my ancestors and build a DNA Pedigree chart. My ancestor, Magdalena married Philip Jacob Miller, but we don’t know her surname. We do know they were Brethren, and Brethren married within their own religion. We know where they lived, and to some extent, we know the other Brethren families in that region.

After I wrote my 52 Ancestors story about Magdalena with hopes of finding a descendant who carries her mtDNA, someone contacted me to say a woman with a tree on Ancestry fits the bill. Indeed she did, and she agreed to have her mtDNA tested.

She immediately had an exact full sequence match, in the Brethren community, and the match does NOT descend from Magdalena herself. Unfortunately, the match does NOT have her genealogy back far enough to discover the family who might, just might, be Magdalena’s family as well. However, I can research genealogy to extend her tree, and I will, come spring when the roads clear.

The only path to Magdalena’s surname, short of a family Bible appearing someplace, is DNA, because I’ve exhausted all other available records.

Can mitochondrial DNA save the day and pin point Magdalena’s family so that I can prove the relationship through records? Maybe. I’ll let you know as this story unfolds.

Don’t’ Forget Mother

Genealogy without DNA is incomplete. It’s the holiday season. Give yourself the gift of your mother’s matrilineal history. DNA testing is the gift that keeps on giving, and you can have it even if your mother has passed over and is watching from the other side. Everyone carries their mother’s mitochondrial DNA, males and females alike.

What is your Mom’s story?

Coupons

Monday is coupon day and today’s discounts are valid through Christmas Day.

Click here to redeem this week’s discounts, below, or to check your own account for your holiday discount! Remember, if you don’t use your discount, you are welcome to share the code and what the discount is good for in the comments.

Coupon # Good for What
R21KJIRD1RHE $10 Off Family Finder
R21JRK2D90UD $10 Off MTDNA
R21LXPSPJWHV $10 Off MTDNA
R21Y1XRAXOUP $10 Off MTDNA
R2196977ZHMW $10 Off MTDNA
R21SE3R8R2XR $10 Off MTDNA
R21MWF0HLUZF $10 Off MTDNA
R21W7K0A1LPC $10 Off MTDNA
R21LC4TFPVHZ $10 Off MTDNA
R21B79RJWDTK $10 Off MTDNA
R213OAY3S5AO $10 Off MTDNA
R21US5CWPH3M $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21RKK62EV41 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R214HLMPS4OE $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21YW9Y4RKIS $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21YTUN7BD03 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21488RL6GSW $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R2125065BPXK $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21MT47U4NLL $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21W1QQAM79T $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21OVQGO8STN $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21WRSO7F3ZK $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R215AOTRDP90 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21DUVRGYTBV $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21S2KCO1WZY $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R215P3vUUX4Q $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21ES0OKOX56 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21TIPQVRL4A $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21ONRH9DCHK $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R217AWUBTPI9 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21CH2C02NUF $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R21OEA4IRRMZ $15 Off MTDNA
R21GNE34D3G9 $15 Off MTDNA
R21K9NFN9X5X $15 Off MTDNA
R21IZSMW0CDX $15 Off MTDNA
R219VOCZBV3Q $15 Off MTDNA
R21A6R2P2GLT $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R21J06GAS9LE $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R21V8UMR0SK6 $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R21B7U0MELXZ $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R21EHU63FC6V $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R217BHDCZ77G $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R21RWOFKOAYD $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R21E7WXUHLHY $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R21C6CKY59HC $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R210BNJFID7I $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R21ILVD7JI5U $20 Off Y37, 67 or Y111
R21GBA78JSMH $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R217A7MC5NOU $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R21QKWCVAQ1 $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R21GBUHMWTDE $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R215QHR2265Q $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R21EINIT1HZQ $30 off Y-DNA 67
R21YD2SXSN6K $40 Off MTFULL
R2159NPBEXN2 $40 Off Y-DNA 111
R21UA8V0UL5Z $5 Off Family Finder
R21U8EWL156F $5 Off Family Finder
R215NOH7GOIX $5 Off Family Finder
R21N1DCZGK76 $5 Off Family Finder
R21UERLNDCK1 $5 Off Family Finder
R21RJ31S1DIM $5 Off Family Finder
R21FGUN8F5QZ $5 Off Family Finder
R21OV934OAYF $5 Off Family Finder
R21TBU2YISI9 $50 Off Big Y
R21AZC7JJP8P $50 Off Big Y
R21QMVEQ3F7G $50 Off Big Y
R21HW6R4LICY $50 Off Big Y
R21ULYZF8CQ $50 Off Big Y
R21YMTRR8A5I $60 Off Y-DNA 111
R215J89WRZYI $60 Off Y-DNA 111
R21EAHEWU4QC $75 Off Big Y

 

New Family Tree DNA Holiday Coupons – And Why Test Y DNA

Y DNA testing carries a great deal of potential – for males. Why just for males? Because the Y chromosome is passed to sons, only, from the father. The Y chromosome is what makes males male. Females receive an X chromosome from their father instead of a Y.

This means that while men can easily test for Y chromosome results, women can’t. Women have to find a male of the surname line they are interested in to test on their behalf. If their father or brothers are living, finding a willing male for their birth name can be fairly easy, but in some cases, one has to go back up the tree a generation or two, and come back down another line to find a living male from your surname line to test.

y-dna-search

In this example, if the female in red wants to test her Estes line, and green cells represent living Estes males, she would have to go up the tree to the third generation, Lazarus, and come back down three generations through son Charlie to find a living male.

Let’s say that living male Estes either can’t be found or isn’t interested in testing. To find another male, she would have to go up the tree another generation to John Y. Estes and come down through son Reagan where there are two generations of living Estes males.

That didn’t work either? Go up another generation and come down through son Jechonas to living male, William.

Why would someone be so interested in testing surname lines?

You can learn a lot.

  • You can confirm that the person who tests actually descends from the expected surname line. Of course, this assumes two things. First, that others from that line have already tested and second, that the tester actually IS descended from that line. Sometimes males who carry the same surname have different ancestral lines. And sometimes, well, surprises are waiting to be found, meaning sometimes people aren’t descended from who they think they are.
  • Testers receive a haplogroup designation which reaches back to ancient times. Haplogroups tell you, for example, if your ancestor was European, Native American, Jewish, African, or Asian. With additional testing, you can discover more specific information about haplogroups, but that requires testing that can’t be performed until after your haplogroup is discovered through regular testing.
  • You receive your matches at each level of testing. If you test at 37 markers for example, you receive a list of matches at 37 markers, at 25 markers and at 12 markers. I recommend testing at 67 or 111 markers if possible, because those tests refine your matches even further.
  • You receive a “Matches Map” that shows the locations of the oldest known ancestors of your matches.
  • You receive a migration map, showing the path your ancient ancestors took to arrive where they are found today in the world.

There are more tools and information too. You can see, below, all of the available information for Y DNA testers on your Family Tree DNA personal home page.

y-dna-options-2

As a female, I can’t test for even one Y line, but I can surely sponsor tests for men who do descend from my ancestral lines. I try to discover the genetic information for each of my lines. You never know what surprises may be lurking.

I have created a DNA pedigree chart where I record the haplogroup information for each of my ancestral lines.

DNA Pedigree

When my cousins test for Y or mitochondrial lines, I also sponsor a Family Finder test, hoping that our autosomal DNA still matches, even though we are some generations removed from each other.

I try to find a male who has tested, or who will test, for each of my ancestral Y lines. You don’t know what you don’t know – and DNA testing is part of the reasonably exhaustive search required by the GPS, the Genealogical Proof Standard.

So, give yourself a gift this holiday season and test your Y DNA. If you don’t have the Y DNA for the line you want to test, find someone who does. Spread the holiday cheer and take advantage of the great sale prices, AND coupons too.

Coupons

It’s Monday, and Family Tree DNA has issued this week’s coupons. As always, first come, first served with the coupons from the kits that my cousin Jim and I manage. A big thank you to Jim for adding his to the list, bringing the total to 80 available for you to choose from.

Click here to redeem the coupons, or to discover the value of your own coupon on your account. If you don’t want to use your coupon, please feel free to list the coupon code and what it applies to in the comments.

Coupon # Good for What
R19ZIUYF3V7J $10 Off MTDNA
R197MY8BNWJN $10 Off MTDNA
R199CLXSRPNT $10 Off MTDNA
R19VU134X7SY $10 Off MTDNA
R19RTA2UG14Z $10 Off MTDNA
R19OPM6ADSDW $10 Off MTDNA
R19TP5E566LK $10 Off MTDNA
R19CHVEGFORJ $10 Off MTDNA
R19IQER6CJP5 $10 Off MTDNA
R19MM1HH68T1 $10 Off MTDNA
R19ORLHXESRQ $10 Off MTDNA
R19JBQ9FLBVP $10 Off MTDNA
R19J486W13PL $10 Off MTDNA
R199QT41S5M7 $10 Off MTDNA
R19CFSQK1EIY $10 off mtDNA
R191BL3UE956 $10 Off MTDNA
R19HWR0EHR8B $10 Off MTDNA
R19SSLCS7KCL $10 Off MTDNA
R19ZGJCGYL5E $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19R4VNQU2VS $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19OHAM8MQQJ $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19UAO87L4UI $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19RYRLJ4NET $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19D9AGHJ2OY $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R192TTQ13K5W $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19Q9HGY7O41 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19ST6EN1Z4Z $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19R3XOJMV5O $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19CO2QP2D6G $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19PE5WPHG53 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R198U4N58UQG $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19IK9PQ8TL8 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19W90R0K8SI $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R192S97QA7QB $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19THF7PT8BG $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19PCRH9LYLJ $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R195PFAG4P5S $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19BL5W5XYST $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19GRCLECO77 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R195249FEKO8 $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19LLKGWUW0Q $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R199GT35D7QN $10 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R1915P4KMD1N $20 off MTDNA
R19ZNR916FS6 $20 off MTDNA
R18THPT2WI75 $20 off MTDNA
R19HEK8D5Z1C $20 off MTDNA
R192DEX0FXNP $20 off mtFull
R19TFY99ZX3F $20 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19O6AOSD1V7 $20 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19MOU9JF2XZ $20 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19R6Q914SEJ $20 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R195O1G80Y0K $20 Off Y37, Y67 or Y111
R19M8OVT75US $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R196KRZ6CI1C $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R197LBY38EFJ $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R19BNMBXJC6O $30 Off Y-DNA 67
R1963HTW3L4V $40 Off MTFULL
R19XAW5WBDMV $40 Off MTFULL
R19SBCZHRNET $40 Off MTFULL
R19D5XSEXSSN $40 Off MTFULL
R19MBATF5XGR $40 Off MTFULL
R19X0XP3U5LT $40 Off MTFULL
R19TZ8HI3PXN $40 Off MTFULL
R1901DPR0CXK $40 Off Y DNA 67
R19HCX58PM6V $40 Off Y DNA 67
R19NDO6MSHMU $40 Off Y-DNA 111
R19BC459ZCXZ $40 Off Y-DNA 67
R193MFZ2LUC8 $40 Off Y-DNA 67
R19HMYUP14D8 $5 Off Family Finder
R19AUCQG9HKN $5 Off Family Finder
R19OR90H0JQQ $5 Off Family Finder
R19KV8W6DDJI $50 Off Big Y
R19DX9MOEY30 $50 Off Big Y
R19O6PGTOY5L $50 Off Big Y
R19J4G4FM3IQ $50 Off Big Y
R19XO427F7OU $50 Off Big Y
R19PX9UDPTWS $50 Off Big Y
R19WAP9OLRC9 $50 Off Big Y
R19S7X0EA91E $60 off Y DNA 111