helix graphicI’ve always made it a policy to reply to every e-mail or information request that I receive.  The good news is that my blogs have become very popular.  The bad news is that I now receive literally hundreds of e-mails and inquiries every day, many asking questions or for advice, and I just can’t keep up anymore.  So, I’ve assembled this information which provides direction for most of the types of inquiries I receive.

First, let me tell you what I do and don’t do, and provide some guidance for you to find the resources you need.

I am not a DNA testing company and I don’t do DNA testing. There are no free DNA tests unless a private individual wishes to pay for your test for genealogical reasons. Consumers must pay the testing companies for the testing service.

I write Personalized DNA Reports for both Y-line and mitochondrial DNA. I do not do reports for autosomal DNA nor telephone consultations.

To order a Y DNA report you must have tested to at least 37 markers at Family Tree DNA, and for a mitochondrial report, you must have tested at least to the HVR2 level, although the full sequence is preferred.

You can read more about the reports here:

I provide a “Quick Consult” service where you can ask a DNA related question related to Y, mitochondrial DNA, autosomal or a combination of the above via e-mail. The Quick Consult is designed for quick questions that do not involve complex genealogical situations and can be answered in less than an hour.

You can purchase the Y and mitochondrial DNA Reports or the Quick Consult at

I do not do phone consultations.

For other questions and requests, I have written several articles to help you help yourself. You can find them on my website at and on my blog, below.

My Blog

My blog is free and fully searchable by key word and there are nearly 800 articles available. So, enter the word or words you might be looking for and you will receive a list of relevant articles.

The search box is in the upper right portion of the screen.

The Different Kinds of DNA Tests

There are different tests for genetic genealogy. I’ve explained the differences here:

DNA Testing Companies

Some companies are more reputable than others and some are outright scams.

If you are considering ordering a DNA test from either Ancestry or 23andMe, be sure you understand that both of those companies sell your DNA – and you authorize them to do so when you sign to order your kit. Make sure you understand what you are authorizing. Read this:

And this:

If you’re looking for a DNA testing company, I recommend Family Tree DNA at this link. They are the only DNA testing company that offers all of the different types of genetic genealogy tests and they do not sell or otherwise disclose your DNA.

Which Test is Best?

I’ve written two articles that compare the various tests and the vendors providing different types of test:

Which DNA Test is Best? here:

Which Ethnicity Test is Best? here:

Adoptees and Parent Search

First, check the help link which includes adoptee and parent-search information.

I’ve answered the most common questions there.

All adoptees and people searching for a birth parent or missing grandparent should visit and utilize their methodologies.

Native American Heritage

If you are searching for your Native American heritage or your tribe, read these two articles:

My blog, Native Heritage Project is fully searchable.

The Native American Ancestry Explorer group for Native American or minority DNA questions is at:

Rich Fogarty is a professional genealogist who is a descendant of the Creek Nation. His website is and you can reach him at

African American

Confirming Enslaved Ancestors Utilizing DNA webinar by Melvin Collier through Legacy Family Tree Webinars – available to watch anytime.

I strongly recommend that you join the African Descendant’s Genetic Genealogy Facebook group.


If you are looking for Melungeon information, read this paper:

Ethnicity in General

If you are looking for your ethnicity, read this:

If you are trying to understand your ethnicity results, read this:

Assistance with Autosomal DNA

If you are trying to figure out what to do, and how, with autosomal DNA results, read these two articles:

If you are looking for someone to walk you through “what to do” with autosomal DNA, you can take a “how to” class.

If you are looking for someone to personally walk you through your DNA results, Diahan Southard provides that service online through her firm and you can contact her at

If you are looking for someone to help you work through your autosomal DNA results and associated genealogy, Jennifer Zinck provides that type of combined service. You can contact her at

Both Diahan and Jennifer provide a “tutoring” service.

There are two Facebook groups where you can ask questions as well. The ISOGG (International Society of Genetic Genealogy) group for general DNA questions is at:

DNA Newbie at

Professional Genetic Genealogical Services

I have made a referral arrangement with Legacy Tree, a company offering professional genealogical research services. Their staff includes an exceptional genetic genealogist, Paul Woodbury. Paul is both a certified genealogist as well as a genetic genealogist and he is excellent. Legacy Tree has offered a $50 introductory coupon if you mention my name (Roberta Estes), which assures that my genetic genealogy clients are directed to Paul. To take advantage of this offer or to receive a quote from Legacy Tree, click here.

For other genealogical assistance, please visit

Online and Social Media Resources

The original genetic genealogy list:

The DNA Newbie group:

FaceBook has an ISOGG group.

Other mailing lists:

Books and Education

Kelly Wheaton provides 19 free lessons in her Beginners Guide to Genetic Genealogy at:

Other Blogs

I hope you have found this information useful. Best of luck on your genetic genealogical journey!  I hope you unlock the mystery of your ancestors!


Standard Disclosure

This standard disclosure will now appear at the bottom of every page and article in compliance with the FTC Guidelines.

Hot links are provided to Family Tree DNA, where appropriate. If you wish to purchase one of their products, and you click through one of the links in an article to Family Tree DNA, or on the sidebar of this blog, I receive a small contribution if you make a purchase. Clicking through the link does not affect the price you pay. This affiliate relationship helps to keep this publication, with more than 850 articles about all aspects of genetic genealogy, free for everyone.

I do not accept sponsorship for this blog, nor do I write paid articles, nor do I accept contributions of any type from any vendor in order to review any product, etc. In fact, I pay a premium price to prevent ads from appearing on this blog.

When reviewing products, in most cases, I pay the same price and order in the same way as any other consumer. If not, I state very clearly in the article any special consideration received. In other words, you are reading my opinions as a long-time consumer and consultant in the genetic genealogy field.

I will never link to a product about which I have reservations or qualms, either about the product or about the company offering the product. I only recommend products that I use myself and bring value to the genetic genealogy community. If you wonder why there aren’t more links, that’s why and that’s my commitment to you.

Thank you for your readership, your ongoing support and for purchasing through the affiliate link if you are interested in making a purchase at Family Tree DNA.

122 thoughts on “Help

  1. Pingback: 800 Articles Strong | DNAeXplained – Genetic Genealogy

  2. Thank you so much for an informative, precise ,and well written article. I have a question. I had my DNA tested by Family tree DNA. My wife swabbed my mouth, could her DNA be mixed with mine and therefore alter my results?
    Thank you for your time,
    Regards Hugh

  3. I enjoy reading your email/blog articles, have learned so much from them, thank you Roberta. I have a question about administrating my 2 cousins DNA results. They tested with AncestryDNA, as I did. I am thinking of downloading their autosomal results to Family Tree DNA, as I have done. But I am not sure how to set it up so I can monitor them. I know you have mentioned administrating several family members results. Could you assist me with the proper steps for the Family Tree DNA site, do I set up an account for each one? My Kit # is B86612 I have done the full spectrum mtDNA, my haplogroup is K1a10a
    Thank you for your help
    Linda Sue Smith (Cole)

    • Each kit has its own number and password. You just sign in as them. Otherwise, you can set up a private project and as administrator you can see their accounts. It just depends whether they want to be involved at all.

  4. Hi trying to reach FTDNA from your site but when I go to purchase it just says error occurred. wanted to do it through your site .

  5. Hi

    Your one article mentioned the following:
    “There are also niche players for the more advanced genetic genealogist or serious researcher”.
    Could you please advise who these companies are?

  6. Thanks for the informative content. I am pretty clueless about DNA/genealogy and have recently started my own research to confirm my suspicion about my biological father. I believe that my mothers step father is my biological father. As both are deceased, my sources of information are limited. Is there a way to do comparative tests with my mothers half sister to uncover any information that could help me resolve this question? My mother and her sister have the same mother and different fathers. If my suspicions about my biological father are correct, that would mean that my mother’s half sister is my half sister as well, and my aunt at the same time. Is there a test that could predict the relationship between by aunt and I to see if we are also half sisters with a common father? Thanks for your time and any direction or insight about how to proceed.

  7. Roberta, I apologize, I offered advice on DNA to a post about Palatine Ancestry forgetting about who’s blog this was. Secondly, we have a Facebook group with about 850 members and 950 GEDmatch kits for people who descend from a small ethnic group that originally lived in the Carpathian Mountains between Poland and Slovakia. We use DNA to help our traditional genealogy research to connect our members. Because the geographic area and population was small and mostly lived in small isolated villages a good number of our members have 4th and 5th gen matches with anywhere from a tenth to a fifth of our total number. Do you think anyone doing research into DNA genealogy would find this an interesting subject?

    • Don’t apologize Bruce. I welcome posts like yours. I didn’t know about the FB group and went and applied for admission. We’re all in this together. As for your Polish group, I find it interesting, but if you mean the companies, I really don’t know. I wish my husband’s line was from there. His line is from the Banat in what is now Croatia. How did you find enough people for that group?

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