It’s well known that as a result of Big Y testing that Family Tree DNA has amassed a huge library of Y DNA full sequence results that have revealed new SNPs, meaning new haplotree branches, for testers. That’s how the Y haplotree is built. I wrote about this in the article, Family Tree DNA Names 100,000 New Y DNA SNPs.
Up until now, the tree was only available on each tester’s personal pages, but that’s not the case anymore.
Share the Wealth
To access the tree, click here, but DON’T sign in. Scroll to the bottom of the page. Keep scrolling, and scrolling…until you see the link under Community that says “Y-DNA Haplotree.” Click there.
The New Public Haplotree
The new public haplotree is amazing.
This tree isn’t just for people who took the Big Y test, but includes anyone who has a haplogroup confirming SNP OR took the Big Y test. Predicted haplogroups, of course, aren’t included.
Each branch includes the location of the most recent known ancestor of individuals who carry that terminal SNP, shown with a flag.
The branches are color coded by the following:
- Light blue = haplogroup root branches
- Teal or blue/green = branches with no descendants
- Dark blue = branches that aren’t roots and that do have at least one descendant branch
The flag location is determined by the most distant known ancestor, so if you don’t have a “Most Distant Known Ancestor” completed, with a location, please, please, complete that field by clicking on “Manage Personal Information” beneath your profile picture on your personal page, then on Genealogy, shown below. Be sure to click on Save when you’re finished!
View Haplotree By
Viewing the haplotree is not the same as searching. “View by” is how the tree is displayed.
Click on the “View By” link to display the options: country, surnames or variant.
You can view by the country (flags), which is the default, the surname or the variants.
Country view, with the flags, is the default. Surname view is shown below.
The third view is variant view. By the way, a variant is another word for SNP. For haplogroup R-M207, there are 8,202 variants, meaning SNPs occurring beneath, or branches.
On any of the branch links, you’ll see three dots at the far right.
To view reports by country or surname, click on the dots to view the menu, then click on the option you desire.
Country statistics above, surname below. How cool is this!
The search function is dependent on the view currently selected. If you are in the surname view, then the search function says “Search by Surname” which allows you to enter a surname. I entered Estes.
If I’m not currently on the haplogroup R link, the system tells me that there are 2 Estes results on R. If I’m on the R link, the system just tells me how many results it found for that surname on this branch and if there are others on other branches.
The tree then displays the direct path between R-M207 (haplogroup R root) and the Estes branch.
…lots of branches in-between…
The great thing about this is that I can now see the surnames directly above my ancestral surname, if they meet the criteria to be displayed.
Display criteria is that two people match on the same branch AND that they both have selected public sharing. Requiring two surnames per branch confirms that result.
If you want to look at a specific variant, you can enter that variant name (BY490) in the search box and see the surnames associated with the variant. The click on “View by” to change the view from country (maps) to surnames to variants.
Change from country to surname.
And from surname to variants.
What geeky fun!!!
Go to Branch Name
If you want to research a specific branch, you can go there directly by utilizing the “Go to Branch Name” function, but you must enter the haplogroup in front of the branch name. R-BY490 for example.
When you’re finished with this search, REMOVE THE BRANCH NAME from the search box, if you’re going to do any other searches, or the system thinks you’re searching within that branch name.
My Result Isn’t Showing
In order for your results to be included on the tree, you must have fulfilled all 3 of these criteria:
- Taken either a SNP or Big Y test
- Opted in for public sharing
- More than one result for that branch with the same exact surname
If you think your results should be showing and they aren’t, check your privacy settings by clicking the orange “Manage Personal Information” under your profile picture on your main page, then on the Privacy and Sharing tab.
Still not showing? See if you match another male of the same surname on the Big Y or SNP test at the same level.
If your surname isn’t included, you can recruit testers from that branch of your family.
How Can I Use This?
I’m like a kid with a new toy.
If any of your family surnames are rather unique, search to see if they are on the tree.
Hey look, my Vannoy line is on haplogroup I! Hmmm, clear the schedule, I’m going to be busy all day!
Every haplogroup has a story – and that story belongs to the men, and their families, who carry that haplogroup! I gather the haplogroups for each of my family surnames and this public tree just made this task much, MUCH easier.
If the testers have joined the appropriate surname project, you may also be able to find them in that project to see if they descend from a common line with you. To check and see, click here and then scroll down to the “Search Surname” section of the main Family Tree DNA webpage and enter the surname.
You can see if there is a project for your surname, and if not, your surname may be included in other projects.
Click on any of those links to view the project or contact the (volunteer) project administrators.
Want to search for another surname, the project search box is shown at the right in this view.
What gems can you find?
Want to Test?
If you are a male and you want to take the Big Y test or order a haplogroup confirming SNP, or you are a female who would like to sponsor a test for a male with a surname you’re interested in, you can purchase the Big Y test, here. As a bonus, you will also receive all of the STR markers for genealogical comparison as well.
Wonder what you can learn? You will be searching for matches to other males with the same surname. You can learn about your history. Confirm your ancestral line. Learn where they came from. You can help the scientific effort and contribute to the tree. For more information, read the article, Working with Y DNA – Your Dad’s Story.
I receive a small contribution when you click on some of the links to vendors in my articles. This does NOT increase the price you pay but helps me to keep the lights on and this informational blog free for everyone. Please click on the links in the articles or to the vendors below if you are purchasing products or DNA testing.
Thank you so much.
DNA Purchases and Free Transfers
- Family Tree DNA
- MyHeritage DNA only
- MyHeritage DNA plus Health
- MyHeritage FREE DNA file upload
- 23andMe Ancestry
- 23andMe Ancestry Plus Health
- Legacy Tree Genealogists for genealogy research