A Career in Genetic Genealogy

One of the questions I’m asked regularly is how one might prepare for a career in genetic genealogy.  I can’t really answer that question very effectively, because there is no official path or course of study for this career.  My own entry point was through a strong science and computer background, although my degrees are “legacy” by today’s standards, combined with a 35+ year obsession with genealogy and what I thought was an early retirement from my first career.  Little did I know I’d be busier than ever.

In November 2016, I met Jessica Taylor and Paul Woodbury at the International Conference on Genetic Genealogy sponsored by Family Tree DNA and held annually in Houston, Texas.  I had corresponded with Paul several times previously, before he went to work with Legacy Tree Genealogists, owned and founded by Jessica Taylor.

It was wonderful to meet Paul in person, one of the benefits of attending conferences. As you can see, we were having a great time on a lab tour at Gene by Gene.

Paul is the first (and only, so far) person that I’ve met that actually proactively decided to become a genetic genealogist.  Everyone else gravitated to this field from elsewhere or fell into it one way or another.  That really isn’t surprising given that genetic genealogy is only 17 years old, and that there wasn’t enough interest, testing or tests to constitute a career or even a specialty in genetic genealogy for the first several years.

I began writing the Personalized DNA Reports, available through Family Tree DNA and my website, in about 2004.  At that time, autosomal DNA testing for genealogy didn’t yet exist and wouldn’t for several more years.

The advent of autosomal testing with cousin matching and ethnicity estimates has really brought genetics into the forefront of genealogy research.  So the question of how one becomes a genetic genealogist, whether by plan from the beginning or by reinventing or adding to an existing career is a question we’re going to hear more and more.

I’ve asked Paul to write a guest column about the career path to becoming a genetic genealogist.  I would like to thank Paul for this article and Legacy Tree Genealogists for the coupon for readers who might benefit from genealogy research (at the end of the article), and with that, I’ll turn it over to Paul.

Pursuing a Career in Genetic Genealogy by Paul Woodbury

Person I just met: “What do you do for work?”

Me: I’m a genetic genealogist.”

Person I just met: “Wow! I didn’t even know that job existed. How did you get into that?”

I probably have this same conversation or variations on the theme every other day. Since I was sixteen, I knew that I wanted to pursue a career in genetic genealogy. My fascination with genealogy began when I was still very young. I can trace my interest to the family history binder I got from my grandparents on my eighth birthday. But, in 2006 during the Winter Olympics, a television special entitled “African American Lives” aired on PBS and it introduced me to my chosen career. In the show, they shared stories regarding the ancestry and origins of African American celebrities. They used traditional genealogical research but brought in DNA as part of their exploration. I decided then and there that I wanted to be a genetic genealogist. Along those lines, I attended Brigham Young University where I majored in genetics and minored in Family History. If I could do it over again, I might have switched my focus.

Throughout my undergraduate education, my professors had no idea what to do with me. Most of my peers were preparing for medical school or for work in research labs. Many of our professors had emphases in plant genetics. Since I had a very different aim, I struggled in my classes which had limited application to the field of genetics. When I approached my professors requesting advice or references, they were at a loss of where to direct me. While my genetics education provides a strong framework for understanding genetic inheritance and biological concepts, most of the skills I use as a genetic genealogist I learned through informal and on-the-job education.

Most of my education relating specifically to genetic genealogy came through attending conferences, networking with leaders in the field, reading blogs, online forums, and books dedicated to the topic and working under the guidance of skilled mentors. Because genetic genealogy is a fairly new field, I have also found that much of my genetic genealogy education comes through hands-on experience dealing with real situations. I learn most as I apply my knowledge towards the resolution of a research goal, and as I search for novel approaches to solve more advanced research problems.

When I first began attending conferences, I would ask those offering classes on genetic genealogy topics what they recommended for those preparing to enter the field. Every one of them told me that I should pursue a masters or Ph.D. in Genetics or Bioinformatics. I ignored their advice. While there is certainly a demand for expertise in those areas, I saw a need (and still see a need) for genealogists who are well-versed in applying genetics to traditional research rather than vice-versa. As discussed previously, most of what I use daily as a genetic genealogist, I learned outside of my genetics classes. To be a good genetic genealogist, you do not necessarily need to be a geneticist. Nevertheless, to be a good genetic genealogist, you do need to be a good genealogist.

Genetic testing is increasingly becoming part of reasonably exhaustive research as mandated by the genealogical proof standard. As DNA takes its place as one record among many, good genetic genealogists will need to be well-versed in at least the basics of traditional research, and traditional researchers will need to be well-versed in at least the basics of DNA evidence. Certainly there are specialists in different localities, languages or types of record, but they exist in relation to larger genealogical practice, evidence analysis and problem solving. Specialty in genetic genealogy is not a stand-alone emphasis. For any individual planning to pursue genetic genealogy research as a career, I recommend specializing in other traditional research fields as well. Personally, I specialize in French, Spanish and Scandinavian research in addition to my emphasis on genetic genealogy.

Even now, genetic genealogy education is mostly offered through conferences and institutes. Some conferences and institutes which I have attended and which regularly offer in-depth courses on genetic genealogy include the Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy (SLIG), the Southern California Genealogy Jamboree and DNA Day (SCGS), RootsTech, Institute for Genetic Genealogy (I4GG), and the Family Tree DNA Group Administrators Conference. A host of other conferences, institutes, workshops and seminars also provide instruction on genetic genealogy including national conferences like NGS and FGS and local society conferences. Online offerings are also on the rise and one fairly new resource is a 15-week online course dedicated to Genetic Genealogy at Excelsior College. (https://genealogy.excelsior.edu/genealogy/genetic-genealogy/)

Conferences are not only valuable for the classes and sessions they provide dedicated to genetic genealogy topics, but also for the opportunities they provide to network with other genealogists and genetic genealogy researchers. By attending RootsTech and other conferences while still a college student, I was able to collaborate and network with leaders in the field of genetic genealogy. Through my correspondence and collaboration with these individuals, I have benefited from wonderful relationships and important mentorship opportunities.

Even if you do not have the opportunity to participate in genealogy conferences and network with other professionals, you can still benefit from online communities, forums and blogs which provide in depth education regarding genetic genealogy:

Books I recommend for genetic genealogy education:

  • Genetic Genealogy in Practice by Blaine T. Bettinger and Debbie Parker Wayne
  • NextGen Genealogy: The DNA Connection by David Dowell
  • The Family Tree Guide to DNA Testing and Genetic Genealogy by Blaine T. Bettinger

Perhaps the most important challenge for preparing to enter the field of genetic genealogy is gaining experience in the field. As you work with prospective employers and clients it is important to have a portfolio of professional level reports and materials to help increase confidence in your ability. Consider starting work on your own family history. As you compile evidence and proof arguments, be sure to abide by standards of genealogical proof and the genetic genealogy standards. When collaborating with other genetic cousins and relatives, consider pursuing some pro-bono work in helping them with their research problems. When you share your portfolio with clients or prospective employers, don’t be shy. This is your opportunity to show off the full range of your ability, so don’t feel bad about sharing a 30 page report. Since there are currently no organizations offering credentials in genetic genealogy specialty, clients and employers have to depend upon your previous experience in the area. For any research you do, make sure to write it up in a clearly written report.

Even if you are a very good researcher, you cannot be a successful professional genealogist without strong writing and communication skills as well. Even the most brilliant research breakthroughs go unnoticed when they are not effectively communicated. In addition to improving your research skills, work on developing your time management, report writing, and communication skills.

As genealogy becomes a more popular field of inquiry and as more people participate in genetic genealogy testing, demand for DNA interpretation and genetic genealogy research will only increase. Demand for genetic genealogy research services is already high and is rapidly increasing. In my view, demand for genealogy research is driven by disconnect and displacement from cultural roots. Current trends in migration and family structures lend themselves to more frequent disconnect and displacement between families and communities. In many cases, the cultural and familial ties being broken today through refugee crises, adoption, and misattributed parentage have sparse record trails on which we can rely for future genealogy research. As a result, genetic genealogy will play an increasingly important role in genealogy research in the future. It is an exciting time to be involved in the field of genetic genealogy and a great many opportunities are on the horizon. If you plan to join the field, make sure to arm yourself with the education and experience you will need to succeed.

Paul Woodbury is a Senior Genealogist with Legacy Tree Genealogists, a genealogy research firm with extensive expertise in genetic genealogy and DNA analysis. To learn more about Legacy Tree services and its research team, visit the Legacy Tree website at https://www.legacytree.com 

Exclusive Offer for DNAexplain readers:

Receive $100 off a 20-hour research project from Legacy Tree Genealogists using code SAVE100. Valid through March 24th, 2017.  Click here for more information, or to redeem coupon.



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15 thoughts on “A Career in Genetic Genealogy

  1. Thank you for this article, I am studying for a diploma in family history at the moment and also helping someone with their DNA genealogy to locate a parent’s line, you have inspired me to look to a career in genetic genealogy. Thanks again

      • I ran my own adoption search practice for many years and reunited over 300 birth families and their children. I have a passion for genealogy. I’m curious how I should go about furthering my passion for genetic genealogy and solving crimes. Thanks

  2. Excellent article. Never knew this job existed! I’ve been a Family Historian for over 25 years and have done my own genealogy, DNA since 2006 and that of uncles and cousins to work out my complicated genealogy and it works. Really enjoying the journey and just repeating my DNA with Ancestry to see if or what has changed since more people have been tested.
    I’m currently completing my PhD in my family history in Sociology and Anthropology. Being a black woman of African Scottish and Chinese heritage from Jamaica but born in England I had no choice to explore my identity. I love Family History and learn so much through my LDS church. I’m currently an academic lecturer teaching Socioeconomics, Sociology & Criminology. For keeping me sane on these often frustrating journeys, I’m a Yoga practitioner and certified yoga instructor wirh a religious background. Knowing who I am has helped me to traverse the many trials life gives. Thank you for the inspiring article and keep up the good work.

  3. Hi Paul, excellent and relevant article. I’ve been doing some of these and agree. The most helpful for me has been some of the Facebook closed groups and blogs as well as attending RootsTech, SCGS DNA Day, and *especially* I4GG (wow, what a great immersive experience). I took your workshop at 2016 RootsTech and it helped me dive into triangulation (along with Kitty Cooper’s great assistance). I’m on the verge of retiring from my regular career and maintain a strong interest in possibly doing this work post-retirement.

  4. Roberta,

    I have been dabbling with the idea of getting another degree and you have brought my head right back to thinking about it…through BYUI with their Family History Research. I have a B.S. in Family Studies, which is also new degree/field. In a nutshell…Family Studies is the study of families across the lifespan. I was thinking it would fit perfectly with Family History Research. The question is…what can I do with that degree in terms of jobs? Who hires independent consultants/researchers in the family history research arena? I am very very curious. 🙂


    • Perhaps some other folks will chime in, but if you look at the Association of Professional Genealogist website, there are many who have hunt out their shingle. Legacy Tree Genealogists, of course, is another and the company owned by Ancestry, as well.

  5. Thank you so much for this article! I’ve been wondering how to pursue this career since recently discovering the field. I’m studying an undergraduate degree in ancient history at the moment and have also taken a genetics unit at uni as an elective to help understand the theory behind genetics a bit better. Like Paul, I found that there was a lot of content in the unit that wasn’t relevant to genetic genealogy. I’ve been considering studying a postgraduate diploma in genealogy so fingers crossed that works out.

    I’m also interested in the genetic genealogy conferences but since I don’t live in America how I can find out about them (located near Sydney, Australia)?

  6. I am a high school chemistry teacher with a BS in Biology. More importantly, I am a voracious genealogist. This is the only field that could get me out of the classroom. I am very passionate about genealogy and I think I would be an ideal candidate for this career. If you are aware of any positions, please send me details. (It cannot hurt to to ask)

  7. Thank you for this article. I found it informative in some regards. I have been studying DNA genealogy the past couple years. I have help several people find their birth parents. When CeCe Williams came out with her show The Genetic Genealogist, I become inspired to do what she does but with a focus in identifying Jane Does, John Does, unknown Soldiers and children.

    With that being said, I haven’t really figured out how to break into this field. Their doesn’t seem to be any particular place to apply to and field of study. Any advice on how to do this. Thank you.

  8. Jean M. Roberts is running her own crusade against Patawomeck tribal history Bill Deyo and Dr. Linwood “Little Bear” Custalow who lived with the Mattaponi Indians and wrote a book that says Pocahontas had a child with an Indian named Kocoum. Roberts has a degree in nursing from a nationally accredited university. I’ve already caught her in multiple errors in her historical research. She claimed the painting of Pocahontas found in the Pettus house was a different tribal leader when anyone can find in 5 minutes online the painting was in the old Pettus house in England as is said in a book that free online at archives.org The problem I’m seeing with genealogist such as Roberts online is they’re haughty about genealogy and are challenging people such as Dr. Custalow and Deyo when there credentials are nothing other than having started a blog. https://www.indianreservations.net/2016/03/colonel-henry-meese-and-his-wife-otonah.html

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